Pre-Purchase Inspection

What is a Pre-purchase Home Inspection

"A home inspection is a limited, non-invasive examination of the condition of a home, often in connection with the sale of that home." - Wikipedia

The result of the inspection is a written report, that should include a 1. narrative-style summary, 2. prioritized check lists, 3. photographs, 4. appendices such as instrument readings, and is usually reviewed in person with the inspector and the client (the buyer) present.

What are the Benefits of a Pre-Purchase Inspection

The pre-purchase home inspection, sometimes called buyer's inspection, minimize risks to purchasers and provides some assurance that surprise expenses are unlikely. Buyers frequently save thousands of dollars by making offers "subject to a successful home inspection" and renegotiating based on substantial report findings. Others simply avoid costly repairs and find better listings.

Inspections are essential in identifying, ranking, and prioritizing issues ranging from safety to minor deficiencies. Ultimately, new owners will receive valuable information on the need for maintenance to keep a home in good condition and will better understand the condition of the house which will help make confident decisions.

What is Included in a Home Inspection

Standards of Practice for Home Inspections

What goes in an inspection report is defined by the 2012 National Standards of Practice, Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors. These are a set of guidelines for inspectors to follow in the performance of their duties. It is important to note that a home inspection does not constitute an evaluation or a verification of compliance with building codes, Standards or regulations governing the construction industry or the health and safety industry, or Standards and regulations governing insure-ability.

Summary of Inspection Duties: Inspect, Describe, and Report:

  • structural components:
    • foundations, floors, walls, ceiling, and roof
  • exterior systems:
    • wall cladding, flashing, and trim;
    • exterior doors and windows;
    • decks, balconies, steps, porches;
    • eaves, soffits, and fascias;
    • vegetation, grading, and surface drainage;
    • walkways, patios, and driveways;
    • landscaping structures that may adversely affect the building;
    • garages and carports; and
    • garage doors, and garage door operators
  • roof systems:
    • roof coverings;
    • roof drainage systems;
    • flashings;
    • skylights;
    • chimneys; and
    • roof penetrations
  • plumbing systems:
    • water supply and distribution systems, including fixtures;
    • drain, waste, and vent systems;
    • water heating equipment;
    • water heating equipment fuel storage and fuel distribution systems;
    • fuel storage and fuel distribution systems; and
    • drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping
  • electrical systems:
    • service drop, entrance conductors, cables, and raceways;
    • service equipment and main disconnects;
    • service grounding;
    • interior components of service panels, and sub panels;
    • distribution conductors;
    • over-current protection devices;
    • lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles;
    • ground fault circuit interrupters; and
    • arc fault circuit interrupters
  • heating systems:
    • heating system components;
    • vent systems, flues, and chimneys;
    • fuel storage and fuel distribution systems
  • fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances
  • air conditioning systems
  • interior systems:
    • walls, ceilings, and floors;
    • steps, stairways, and railings;
    • counter tops and cabinets;
  • insulation and vapour barriers
  • mechanical and natural ventilation systems